Zeitschriften , die wegen ihres gels sowieso kurz vor der Auflösung den , nicht unterstützt werden sollten . 
Am besten paßten sich die schriften „ Liesma " , „ Latvijas jaunatne " und die Abendzeitung „ Rigas balss " der neuen Situation an und sind heute ein fester Bestandteil des lettischen marktes . 
Was die weitere Entwicklung der tungen und Zeitschriften angeht , so sind drei verschiedene Richtungen zu nennen . 
Erstens die alten , noch aus sowjetischen Zeiten übriggebliebenen Zeitungen , die durch Namensänderungen versuchen , sich auf dem immer engeren Zeitungsmarkt durchzusetzen . So heißt zum Beispiel das ehemalige Organ der KP Lettlands „ Cina " ( Der Kampf ) gemäß der neuen politischen Situation „ Neatkariga " clna ( Der hängige Kampf ) . Auch die gen auf dem Lande versuchen , sich den neuen Umständen anzupassen . 
Die zweite und wohl größte Gruppe den Zeitungen und Zeitschriften dener politischer Gruppierungen , sengemeinschaften usw . Dazu gehört eine große Menge von Erotika - Ausgaben wie informative Unterhaltungs - und sikzeitschriften . Aus dieser Gruppe te man vier Titel nennen : die ökologische Zeitung „ Elpa " , die Musikzeitschrift „ Pastnieku Avènija " , die Rigaer tung „ Pilseta " ( Herausgabe eingestellt ) und die Jugendzeitung „ Parks " . 
Die dritte Gruppe bilden die deten und finanziell abgesicherten gen , wie zum Beispiel die 1990 vom schen Parlament gegründete Tageszeitung „ Diena " ( jetzt in eine Aktiengesellschaft umgewandelt ) , „ Atmoda atp'utai " und „ Latvijas Laiks " . 
Die Presselandschaft in Lettland ( Stand Januar 1992 ) 
Zeitungen / Zeitschriften Anzahl der Titel 
nur in lettischer Sprache 
75 
nur in russischer Sprache 
11 
mit je einer Ausgabe in 

lettischer und russischer 

Sprache 
37 
in lettischer und 

latgallischer Sprache 
1 
Quelle : „ Neatkariga Ci ] a " 
CjTftß ïklttc ( Dbseriier 
NEWS FROM ESTONIA , LATVIA AND LITHUANIA " 
March 20 - 26 , 1992 

BUSINESS " & THE ECONOMY 
IN THE NEWS 
OPINION 
Gearing up for the language Lithuania rolls in the barrels law in Latvia from Siberia 
page 2 page 5 
When will Latvia Estonia is learning to see aspirin again ? tick to a strange clock page 6 page 7 
NATO Chief Extends Cautious Feelers To Baltics 
Hy Chris Hinkte 
" LitlViti is a sovereign siale , so llic principie limi Ilio I former Soviel army musi leave isqiicMioDcil hy nonne . " NATO Secretary General Manlrcd Woornor lolil Ihc press dlirinyhisMarcii 1 . 1 visil io I . ut vili , Iiis first lo any of llic litiltic Simes . 
" I ll is ) of vital concern lo " NATO llial peace and ity prevail in this region . . . that patterns of confrontation and mistrust lie replaced willi lle - gnliation and cooperation . " Yet Woerner politely flected journalists' questions on direct NATO help for evacuating the army from the Baille» nltd developing local defense forces , as well as on NATO membership for nia , Latvia and Lithuania . 
In meeting with Latvian leaders , including Prime Minister Godinnnis , mentary Chairman Gorbunovs and Defense Minister Jtind / . is . Wocmcr listened more than lie spoku . The Latvians pressed their concern at the continued presence of former Soviet army forces , given the possibility of political bility in Kussia . 
Iii Iiis visits to Estonia the next duy and to Lithuania 011 March 15 - 16 . Woerner 
larly met Willi the loaders of those countries , eager lo come acquainted with the Bailie situation oil location . At dinner 011 March IS with VyimiiusLundshergis , reports BNS . Woerner noted the im - pnrtuncc of direct contacts with Baltic leaders : " The situation ili Ilio Bailies is seen differently from Brusscls . Tlic impression is such that the army is withdrawing und gotiations on ils withdrawal are going on . Bill when in lite Baltic stales , the siliialiondoos noi look so clear and beyond dispute . All is a' bit more problematic . " 
Woerner encouraged tive Latvian participation in llic North Atlantic tion Council , which would deepen political consultation between its members , as well as coo lierai ion on defense and science policy . A work plan for the NACC . issued at the March lOmceling of member - stale ambassadors in Brussels , is 10 ''better allownurulliancc to resolve problems fully . Lutvui was a member of tiie NACC from ils ing . and Kussia and the other N VS slates arc also member * . 
Tlioso exacting Wocmcr 10 explicitly crilici7 . o llic Russian army or government for delaying an evacuation were disa ppol 111 cd . He re fused to speculate on what NATO 
might do in Ilio event of a coup attempt hy foreign armed forces in any of the Baltic - slates . Now that Russia has joined the NACC . however , it musi abide by Ihc same ciples asolila member - slates : " llic consolidation and piv . s ci valimi throughout ilio tinuili of a democratic society and freedom I'mmuny forinof coercion and intimidation 
Asked if NATO would give direct aid lo Ilio newly formed Baltic nalional defense forces . Latvian Defense ister Jundzis said thai his meeting Willi Woomcr " did not Increase optimism " . Woerner would not speak in detail , but said NATO could foster bilateral contacts tween Western and Baltic militaries . " NATO lias n . v weapons of ils own . " but the Baltics could certainly lurn to NATO for help on ing their defense policies . 
Concerning NATO bership lor the Baltics . Woemcrempluisi / ed thai " we arc clearly in an evolutionary protess . " and ilio alization of relations in Ihc NACC between former emies showed how much progress has been made ¡11 a year and a half . " We don't exclude future membership . . . but it is not on the agenda . " 
fik I 
nd Aiiiilnlijs Gnrhiimt 
Baltic Council Calls For Speedier Troop Withdrawal 
By Kariis Freibergs 
Lithuanian parliamentary clinirman ( and former music teacher ) Vylautas Landshei gis could not resisi ilio temptation lo sii down and play a few tunes upon catching sight of the white wooden piano al tlie Latvian government roireal in Jurmala on March 16 . The Baltic Council was meeting there to coordinale a common position 011 various pei linoni 
The Future Unemployed In The Baltics Will Be . . . 
Hy Alda Stapruns 
Tlie Baltic stales , in an tempt lo adapt to a free market system , are throwing off the yoke of the Soviel command economy . Alihough this sition is necessary for Estonia , Latvia and Lithuania to bring themselves out of llic current economic and technological quagmire , the first negative effects - iii Ihc form of hyperinflation and ployment - arc already being 
The Slate Employment Service of Latvia has thai from January 1510 March I , over 7 , 91 ) 0 people ted job applications . By March 12 the number had grown to 9 , 51 ) 0 . The numlier of cially unemployed in Latvia increased from 1 . 852 to 2 , 500 during the week of March 1 - 8 . 
Estonia recently began 
registering its unemployed , and Ihc number by March I was 1 , 478 , according 10 Ihc Estonian National L - ibor partment . Thai number is pected to reach into ihc sands by April I . According to Labor Department ist Lyudniilla Smimova , " ihc present'number is not yet lamitous silice il is less Hum one pér cent of Ihc total workforce . If tlie economic slit e indeterio - 
raie . unemployment may come a serious social lem . " 
So fiu1 . Lithuania has been the hardest hit hy tlie curruni unemployment boom with 11 , 000 Lithuanians currently , registered as out of work , and another 20 , 000 industrial ■ workers taking a mandatory leave of absence . According to BNS . only half of these aie receiving <tipporl from their employe in , but this money will eventually run out . leaving 
them lo l'end for themselves . 
Last month II * or the Latvian urban workforce was laid off under the guise or paid vacations . The parliament lias adopted a law on ployment . but il will take time lopulil into practice . Presently only 424 people are receiving unemployment benefits . 
Bailie economists forecast thai ilio restructuring of the workforce will gain speed this month and is 10 continue at least until June . As businesses and enterprises iillcmpl to make the transition ( fective - and in the case of llic service industry , unpleasant - socialist methods to free market practices , at least 280 , 000 people in Latvia - 28% of the country's non - agricuhural workers - will be forced to leave lltcir placo of employment . side will not be as lumi hit as industrialized regions . 
In Lithuania , 84 . 000 - 
106 , 000 people will lie laid olT by the end of this year , according to the Lithuanian Labor Market , yet , " this docs mil necessarily mean thai by next winter there will be so many unemployed . Muny of these people will have found work elsewhere , " said Labor Market general - director Maryte Raslcnylc . Then ! were , ironically , 5 . 700 vacuiti jobs in Estonia on February I . cording lo BNS . 
Alongside layoffs in ficient heavy industry , where many factories are culling production due to lack of ntw materials from the CIS stales , new jobs arc being created as 
tors expand with the lifting of Ilio litmCurlain . However , the number of job vacancies will in no way satisfy the demand by a population which wus guaranteed an income under the former centralized system . continued on page 4 
: luding the drawal of former USSR tary troops from Estonia , Latvia and Lithuania , and llie repayment of pari of the Soviel debt ! 
The chairman's nimble rendilionof a few liglilhcartcd melodies was probably Ihc lightest moment in an wise serious session , where Landsbcrgis , together with his counterparts Arnold Runici from Estonia and Analolijs Gorbunovs from Latvia , signed a strongly - worded statement harshly criticizing the forma - Soviet troops still stationed in tlie Baltic states . 
According to Ihc three leaders , lite troops " continue lo net ns conquerors and regard the sovereignly and legislation of Estonia , Latvia and Lithuania . " Their " lack of clear subordination to the Russian government " is fur - thcrcomplicaling talks on tlieir witltdrawal from the Baltics . 
The parliamentary men accused the above - tioned troops of relocating their units and continuing to hold military exercises out notifying the Baltic ernments and without the proval of the latter . 
Tlie military units " tinue to damage the ment " and " have begun illegal busi ncxxactìvitìcs , namely , the sale of weapons ami property and tlie clearing of fore * « . " The leaders requested that Russia " undertake tlie most decisive of measures lo minale such activities . " 
The three men also tested the continued presence of ex - Soviet bonier guard units in their countries , which have 
been hindering " Ihc realiza - I ion of the defense of lite state bordersof Estonia , Latvia and Lithuania with Ihc Baltic Stale's own forces . ' - 
All three countries intend " to demand material pensation lor the military property , arms and equipment or lltcir armies which were seized ¡11 1940 by the Soviet Union , and which is presently necessary for the renewal of lltcir defense capacity , as well as compensation for other losses caused by the presence of ihc former USSR military troops " in the Bailie states . 
Ruutcl . Gorbunovs and Landsbcrgis expressed Ihc hope that " the Russimi eration will demonstrate ils goodwill and do everything to actually and immediately withdraw llic military troops , currently under ¡^jurisdiction , from the territory of Ihc Baltic Slates . " 
A copy of the statement was sent to the president of each CIS republic , with a quest for the mailer to be cussed at the next meeting of CIS leaders on March 20 . 
In a separate siatcment , tlie three Baltic leaders also called for the gradual tion of Ihc Baltic Sea . which would Involve ihc removal of nuclear weapons from the Baltic Sea region and its laration as a nuclear - free zone . 
The parliamentary men also dcclurcd that since ihc Baltic stales had been forcefully incorporated into tlie Soviet Union , they could noi be successorsoftlic USSR , " and therefore cannot he held responsible Tor the settlement 
continued on page 6 
Zwei Titel sind besonders zu erwähnen . Die erste , „ Dienas bizness " , ist eine mit Wirtschaftsfragen befaßte Zeitung , standen als gemeinsames Unternehmen zwischen der Tageszeitung „ Diena " und der schwedischen Zeitung „ Dagens stri " . Die zweite , „ The Baltic Observer " , wird auch mit westlicher Hilfe gegeben . Sie ist auf das Know - how der jungen Letten aus den USA und Kanada angewiesen . Der Direktor des sprachigen Blattes , G . Vins , ist der Leiter der Nachrichtensendung „ Baltic News Service " . Er brachte mit dem ehemaligen Redakteur der Volksfrontzeitung „ Aweke - ning " , IC . Freibergs , im Frühjahr 1992 das 
Blatt auf den Markt . In Zusammenarbeit der jungen Unternehmer Lettlands mit den aus den USA und Kanada den Letten ist „ The Baltic Observer " zur bedeutendsten und informativsten lischsprachigen Zeitung in den baltischen Ländern geworden . 
Die Entwicklung des lettischen marktes nimmt seinen freien Lauf und scheint den Papiermangel und sche Probleme überwunden zu haben , wenngleich die Einschränkung gemacht werden muß , daß private gen ( womöglich mit ausländischer terstützung ) hier die besten Chancen haben . ■ 
NORDEUROPA 
forum 
21
	        

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