Full text: The national Church of Sweden

316 VIL—TIME OF FREEDOM AND NEOLOGY. 
“‘ transubstantiation "—to confound the speculations of 
the schoolmen with the just requirements for Church com- 
munion. The result of the adoption of the *‘ Book of 
Concord ”* was to emphasize the tendency to contempla- 
tive intellectualism and a barren Lutheran scholasticism 
both in Germany and Sweden.! 
In the Reformed or Calvinistic Churches the same ten- 
dency to over-definition was apparent in the Dort decrees 
of 1618; which drove out the Arminians, although, 
happily, these decrees were not received by all Calvinistic 
bodies. A similar movement had been made in England 
in the attempt to enforce ** The Lambeth Articles *’ of 1605, 
It is true that Archbishop Whitgift took from them their 
most Calvinistic extravagances, and replaced them with 
Augustinian propositions? but, happily for our Church 
and its position in the world, this movement met with such 
resistance that the Thirty-nine Articles, with their 
moderate and restrained Statements, remained without 
any authorized appendix. If we have, as I believe, a Pro- 
vidential call to be a mediating and reconciling body in 
Christendom, it is because our formularies do not err on 
the side of over-definition. The promoters of syncretism 
in England in the seventeenth century saw this advantage ; 
but the time was not then ripe for more than a strong 
appeal for peace abroad and simplicity of doctrine at home, 
an appeal which could be afterwards remembered and en- 
forced. It is important in this connection to recollect that 
the Church of Denmark and even more that of Norway have 
retained the simpler position which Sweden left in the reign 
of Charles XI., and may, therefore, in that matter, co- 
operate with ourselves in days to come. 
'Cp. I. A. Dorner: Hist. of Protestant Theology, E. T., i., 
Pp. 383, Edinburgh, 1871. 
20ne of our clergy, the Rev. W. D. Sargeaunt, of Stoke 
Abbot, Dorset, has recently done good service in calling atten- 
tion in detail to this point, to which Hardwick had given a general 
reference in his book on The Reformation, chap. iv., p. 241, 
R. 4, and details for comparison in Hist, of the Articles, App. v.
	        
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