Full text: The national Church of Sweden

242 VI.—GREAT KINGS AND BISHOPS (a.b. 1593—1718). 
with hearing the abuse of God which has been uttered by 
this stranger. Let us pray God that He may convert this 
misguided man.” Forbes courteously replied, with un- 
daunted pertinacity : *‘ May God convert us all!” Forbes’ 
ability was admired by the Swedes, but they were glad to 
find that he had no answer to one of Professor Peter Rud- 
beckius’ arguments, and hence they sometimes use the 
proverb ‘‘ Ad haec Forbesius nihil.” # 
The king, however, was not pleased with the crude 
Calvinism of his champion, and Forbes shortly afterwards 
left the kingdom. He returned with a union project in 
1610, but it proved useless. He died in 1634.2 
It is pleasant to contrast with this the delightful welcome 
given to one of our party, Dr. A. J. Mason, Vice-Chan- 
cellor of Cambridge University, by the professors and 
students of the same university of Upsala, when he came, 
not to convert Sweden, but to expound the position of the 
Church of England on 22nd September, 1909. 
Olaus Martini died in 1609, only fifty-two years of age, 
the year after the disputation at Upsala. He was a dili- 
gent preacher, especially in his cathedral, and lectured 
regularly also to the students. He was succeeded by the 
Bishop of Skara, Petrus Kenicius (1355—1636), who had 
been one of the professors who suffered in the disputes 
about the liturgy. Charles IX. died in 1611, and the arch- 
bishop continued in office during the whole of the succeed- 
ing reign, that of Gustavus Adolphus, whom he crowned 
in 1617. He was a zealous and diligent man, and did 
much to stimulate the king's generosity towards the 
university ; but in his old age the diocese of Upsala feil 
behind those of his younger contemporaries. He died in 
1636, having been archbishop for twenty-seven years, that 
is far the next longest period to Laurentius Petri Nericius. 
2 Norlin proves that this was not the famous John Rudbeckius 
(as Baaz and others have it), but probably his brother, Peter. 
2 Norlin, pp. 62-3, mentions the second visit. On Forbes 
generally see Dict. of National Biography, s.n. The article, 
strangely enough, contains no notice of this disputation.

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