Full text: The national Church of Sweden

sometimes interfered with by papal reservation or provision 
(Sv. M., v. 148-9). At times also the kings petitioned the 
popes to delegate to them rights of nomination, These 
rights were specially granted to King Magnus Ericsson in 
1347 and 1352. King Christian I. also made an agreement 
with Pope Sixtus IV. that he should present suitable per- 
sons to the provostship, archidiaconate and decanate in 
some of the principal cathedrals (ibid. 150). But these 
were exceptional cases, and the general independence of 
the chapters were recognized as the rule. 
The bishop presided in the chapter, and the provost was 
vice-president. The provost accompanied the bishop on 
his visitations, and also visited, under the bishop’s direc- 
tion, in his own person. He was also generally pastor of 
the city church. His relation to the archdeacon and dean 
do not seem to have been very clearly defined. Cathedral 
statutes, such as those that are common in England, do not 
seem to have been preserved, or, at any rate, are 
not accessible in print. But the general principle of the 
chapter’s work was here as elsewhere ‘‘ to assist the bishop 
when the see was full, to supply his place when it was 
vacant.”’® In Sweden the chapters seem to have been able 
to maintain their independence in elections more than in 
England, though when a bishop was a strong man we do 
aot find evidence of independent capitular action. 
As regards the districts assigned to each bishop, the 
great difference between medieval and modern Sweden is 
that the former contained the whole of Finland from 
Viborg in the East to Tornea in the North, and did not 
contain the Danish provinces which were in the diocese of 
Lund, nor Bohusldn, which was Norwegian. Gotland 
also was for a long time independent, then Swedish, then 
Danish, The Archbishop of Upsala had an enormous 
diocese, extending up to Torned in the North, and includ- 
ing Jemtland and Herjedalen, which were under the Nor- 
wegian crown. Some attempt was made in the union 
At Auxiliari episcopo, sede plena: supplere, sede vacante," 
Benson : l.c., p. 52.

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